35 things to do when using a jet lathe

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What professional woodworker doesn’t admire the work of JET lathe machines? They are well made, durable and perform well for the price. But like any other machinery, they need to be handled and used with utmost care. Here are some pointers that will ensure you are not only safe but get the job done in an effective manner:

What professional woodworker doesn’t admire the work of JET lathe machines? They are well made, durable and perform well for the price. But like any other machinery, they need to be handled and used with utmost care. Here are some pointers that will ensure you are not only safe but get the job done in an effective manner:

1. Read and understand the entire owner’s manual before attempting assembly or operation. Read and understand the warnings posted on the machine and the manual. Failure to comply with all of the warnings may cause serious physical injury.
2. Replace the warning labels if they become obscured or removed.
3. A lathe is a machine designed and intended for use by properly trained and experienced personnel. If you are not familiar with the proper and safe operation of a lathe, do not use until you have gained proper training and knowledge.
4. Do not use the lathe machine for other than its intended use.
5. Always wear approved safety glasses/face shields while using the lathe. Everyday eyeglasses only have impact resistant lenses; they are not safety glasses.
6. Before operating the lathe, remove tie, rings, watches and other jewelry, and roll sleeves up past the elbows. Do not wear loose clothing. Confine long hair. Non-slip footwear or anti-skid floor strips are recommended. Do not wear gloves.
7. Wear ear protectors (plugs or muffs) during extended periods of operation.
8. Tighten all locks before operating.
9. Rotate workpiece by hand to check clearance before applying power.
10. Rough out the workpiece before installing on the faceplate.
11. Do not mount a split workpiece or one containing a knot.
12. Use the lowest speed when starting a new workpiece.
13. Do not use the lathe machine in damp or wet locations, or expose it to rain. Keep work area well lighted.
14. Feed work into a blade or cutter only against the direction of rotation of the blade or cutter.
15. Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling and other construction activities contains chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:

• Lead from lead based paint.
• Crystalline silica from bricks, cement and other masonry products.
• Arsenic and chromium from chemically treated lumber.

Your risk of exposure varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure to these chemicals, work in a well-ventilated area and work with approved safety equipment, such as face or dust masks that are specifically designed to filter out microscopic particles.

16. Do not operate the lathe while tired or under the influence of drugs, alcohol or any medication.
17. Make certain the switch is in the OFF position before connecting the machine to the power supply.
18. Make certain the machine is properly grounded.
19. Make all machine adjustments or maintenance with the machine unplugged from the power source.
20. Remove adjusting keys and wrenches. Form a habit of checking to see that keys and adjusting wrenches are removed from the machine before turning it on.
21. Keep safety guards in place at all times when the machine is in use. If removed for maintenance purposes, use extreme caution and replace the guards immediately after maintenance is complete.
22. Provide for adequate space surrounding work area and non-glare, overhead lighting.
23. Keep the floor around the machine clean and free of scrap material, oil and grease. Remove loose items and unnecessary workpieces from the area before starting the machine.
24. Check damaged parts. Before further use of the machine, a guard or other part that is damaged should be carefully checked to determine that it will operate properly and perform its intended function. Check for alignment of moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of parts, mounting and any other conditions that may affect its operation. A guard or other part that is damaged should be properly repaired or replaced.
25. Keep visitors a safe distance from the work area. Keep children away.
26. Make your workshop child proof with padlocks, master switches or by removing starter keys.
27. Give your work undivided attention. Looking around, carrying on a conversation and horseplay are careless acts that can result in serious injury.
28. Maintain a balanced stance at all times so that you do not fall or lean against the workpiece, spindle or other moving parts. Do not overreach or use excessive force to perform any machine operation.
29. Use the right tool at the correct speed and feed rate. Do not force a tool or attachment to do a job for which it was not designed. The right tool will do the job better and more safely.
30. Use recommended accessories; improper accessories may be hazardous.
31. Maintain tools with care. Keep tools sharp and clean for the best and safest performance. Follow instructions for lubricating and changing accessories.
32. Turn off the machine and disconnect from power before cleaning. Use a brush or compressed air to remove chips or debris — do not use your hands.
33. Do not stand on the machine. Serious injury could occur if the machine tips over.
34. Never leave the machine running unattended. Turn the power off and do not leave the machine until it comes to a complete stop.
35. Use the proper extension cord. Make sure your extension cord is in good condition. When using an extension cord, be sure to use one heavy enough to carry the current your product will draw. An undersized cord will cause a drop in the line voltage resulting in loss of power and overheating. For runs up to 25 feet, use an 18AWG or larger gauge cord. For runs up to 50 feet, use a 16AWG or larger gauge cord. For runs up to 100 feet, use a 14AWG or larger gauge cord. For runs up to 150 feet, use a 12AWG or larger gauge cord. Runs over 150 feet are not recommended. If in doubt, use the next heavier gauge. The smaller the gauge number, the heavier the cord.

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